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Police performance measurement: an annotated bibliography | SpringerLink
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Limit Your Results. Full Text. Social research, demonstrates that labeled individuals are likely to reject themselves and may act more defiantly since they are labeled. This post is reliable since it written by a sociology expert. The information is relevant since reveals how crimes and criminals are created via labeling. Vito, Gennaro F, and Jeffrey R.
Criminology: Theory, Research, and Policy. In chapter seven of the text, the authors focus their discussion on theories of crime that displays the interplay between individuals and their society. The author also covers the labeling theory where the labeling perspective is introduced. The author also states that the labeling perspective focuses on the influence of powerful figures to define deviant behaviors. This text is relevant since it associates crime development with deviant labels on victims.
Preventing and Reduction: A Review of Strategies for intervening early to Prevent or Reduce youth crime and antisocial behavior. This is a research report. The authors discuss various methods including child skills training, behavioral parent training, multisystemic therapy, family functional therapy, and multi-dimensional treatment care foster as intervention strategies employed at individual levels to prevent crimes at an early stage of life.
The authors released this report after drawing evidence for international literature from the US evidence base is particularly strong. The article is relevant since it reveals the extent of interventions aimed at individual level. Jacobson, Jessica and Talbot, Jenny. Vulnerable Defendants in the Criminal Courts. A review of provision for adults and children.
London: Prison Reform Trust, The authors reveal the purpose of the Prison Reform Trust, which is creation of a penal system that is just, human and effective. The authors also identify the efforts made to support the vulnerable people like establishment of the combined courts assessment scheme like the one used in Norwich. This information is relevant since it identifies some of the major enhancements dedicated to vulnerable individuals.
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This information is reliable since it is generated out of inquiries made to the system workings, informing prisoners, staff, and the public and by influencing the parliament and government officials. Office of the Public Advocate, The authors posit that vulnerable people are over-represented as both victims and offenders in the criminal justice system.
Both the prison and the court are regarded as the criminal justice system. Statistics for over-representation of people with impaired capacity for decision making is documented. A variety of system reforms are also presented including legal aid funding, law reforms and specialist support among others. This paper is relevant since it identifies some of the reforms that have occurred in the criminal justice system as a general support for the vulnerable individuals.
Liebmann, Marian. Restorative Justice: How It Works. London: Jessica Kingsley Publishers, The author provides a comprehensive conceptualization of the philosophies of restorative justice and its practical application in the criminal justice system. This information is reliable and relevant since the author provides an in depth detail of how the restorative justice can be applied effectively while dealing with crime and criminals while drawing from the many years experience of working in victim support, mediation and restorative practices.
Reiner, Robert. The Politics of the Police. Oxford: Oxford University Press, This book was authored to analyze the way police are viewed and the impact of media on the perception of the public, what to expect in the future with respect to current research in the police practice. The information contained in this book is relevant since it identifies the extent of participation of media in shaping the politics surrounding law and order and the enforcement agencies.
Grana, Sheryl J, and Sheryl J. Women and Justice. The authors provide a framework for understanding how and why women face certain treatment in the criminal justice system. The authors conclude by suggesting creation of a world that is more just to women. Hollin, Clive, R. Routledge, The authors of the book feature on the role of psychological theories and methods in comprehending and managing criminal behaviors. Additionally, the authors state that psychological theories, coupled with updated research can be utilized in managing the realities of crime as well s the criminal justice system.
International Review of Law and Economics, 2 5, It compares two ranking methods: nonparametric data envelopment analysis DEA and the parametric stochastic output distance frontier SODF. The work identifies a non-linear relationship between crime the input and clearances the output.
Measuring the efficiency of local police force. European Journal of Law and Economics, 27 1 , 59— The authors assess police efficiency in public safety and road safety in Spain. The authors define efficiency as optimum use of inputs to achieve the outputs. Evaluation of the efficacy and effectiveness of the Spanish security forces. European Journal of Law and Economics, 36 1 , The authors assess the effectiveness and efficiency of Spanish police forces in dealing with major crimes. Efficacy is divided into two categories: operational efficacy and goals efficacy.
Yearly evolution of police efficiency in Spain and explanatory factors. Central European Journal of Operations Research, 21 1 , The authors assess the efficiency of police forces in Spain for the period to The authors look at cleared crimes and police numbers in addition to external factors outside the influence of the police.
Heaton, P. Hidden in plain sight: What cost-of-crime research can tell us about investing in police. This study summarises the literature on costs of crime and police effectiveness. Based on the assumption that more police numbers reduces crime, it offers a crude calculator of the benefit of reduced crime from increasing police spending.
Whereas most of the literature focuses on quantification, this section contains literature on the importance of qualitative indicators. Fielding, N. Reassurance policing, community policing and measuring police performance. The authors argue that community policing and reassurance policing is essentially too nuanced for quantitative measures, and argues for assessment using qualitative indicators.
What is an Annotated Bibliography?
Shilston, T. One, two, three, what are we still counting for? Police performance regimes, public perceptions of service delivery and the failure of quantitative measurement. Policing: A Journal of Policy and Practice, 2 3 , Quantitative measurement of police performance is considered crucial to assess police performance. However, the study argues that to measure public perceptions, quantitative is not an appropriate method because it does not capture all aspects of policing. The study argues for a qualitative approach. Black box: A qualitative method for improving public confidence in policing through micro-analysing service delivery.
Policing: A Journal of Policy and Practice, 5 2 , , doi: It draws on the terminology and method of aviation crash investigations. The study proposes that this will enable the police to examine events chronologically from the time of reported through the actions resulting from police attending an incident. Documents in this section highlight the need for consistency of police data, particularly crime recording practices.