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- What Are Utopias and Dystopias?
- The Utopian Community in the U.S.
- Dystopia And Utopi A Utopian Society Essay
We also share the fact that we both have certain rules that have to be followed with no exceptions. In both societies violence is not allowed. Honestly The Giver is trying to give the reader a sense of value, so that we should appreciate our life and freedom.
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What Are Utopias and Dystopias?
Sources and citation are provided. John Calvin believed that a person could not know for certain if they were among God's Elect or the damned. Outwardly a person's life and deeds, including hard work, could include them as one of the Elect. Ideals about work, such as these, were stressed in the various American religious utopian societies. The Shakers, for example, believed in productive labor as a religious calling. Amana Inspirationists saw labor as productive and good, part of God's plan of contributing to the community.
The Utopian Community in the U.S.
In the wars and general disorder following the Reformation, some new Protestant sects practiced communal ownership of property. To avoid persecution several of these groups immigrated to America, where the idea of communal living developed and expanded. The early 19th century brought a great expansion of communitarian experiments within the U. Land was plentiful and inexpensive and unhampered by government regulations.
Europe, in contrast, was emerging from a long history of religious wars. America became a location where people could start over, creating a "New Eden" across the Atlantic. Upon arrival in America, many hoped to form Utopian societies - self-contained, agrarian, and communal in nature.
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Several of these societies are explored below. The Shakers:. Shaker societies were characterized by communal living, productive labor, celibacy, pacifism, and gender equality. They were also associated with feminist and abolitionist reform movements in the 19th century. A significant portion of Shakerism was founded in England by Mother Ann Lee in , and was imported to America by Lee and several followers in By the Civil War there were 6, shakers who maintained their economic autonomy while also making items for outside commercial distribution.
Their agrarian work was eventually redirected to handcrafts, particularly furniture. Examples of Shaker communities can be found at:. Dwight, and Sophia Dana Ripley. It began with about 15 members and never had more than people at one time. Farm attracted not only intellectuals, but also carpenters, farmers, shoemakers and printers.
Dystopia And Utopi A Utopian Society Essay
The community provided housing, fuel, wages, clothing and food for all members. There was an infant school, a primary school and college preparatory course. A fire in , combined with financial issues, brought about the end of the Brook Farm community in The Rappites:. The Harmony Society, also called the Rappites, were similar to the Shakers in certain beliefs. They established a colony in Butler County, Pennsylvania, called Harmony, and believed that the Bible was the sole authority.
Under Frederick Rapp, George Rapp's adopted son, the economy of Harmony grew from one of subsistence agriculture to gradual diversified manufacturing. By , there were members, a town of about houses, and several factories. They again they built a prosperous community, New Harmony, only to sell it too in They reached their peak in , but the practice of celibacy and several schisms thinned the Society's ranks, and the community dissolved in The Oneida Community:. He studied theology at Andover Theological Seminary, and later Yale.
Noyes moved his community to the town of Oneida, in New York. The community practiced broom manufacturing, shoe manufacturing, flour processing, lumber milling and trap manufacturing.